Osseous surgery, sometimes referred to as pocket reduction or gingivectomy, refers to a number of different procedures aimed at gaining access to the tooth roots to remove tartar and disease-causing bacteria.
Osseous surgery is used to reshape deformities and remove pockets in the alveolar bone surrounding the teeth. It is a common necessity in effective treatment of more advanced periodontal diseases. The ultimate goal of pocket depth reduction is to reduce or eliminate the periodontal pockets that cause periodontal disease. Despite the word “surgery” the procedure is reported to feel more like a thorough cleaning. The specific goals of the procedure include:
A local anesthetic will be used to numb the area. First, Dr. Owenswill make incisons around each tooth of the affected area to release the gum tissue. This allows access to the roots of the teeth. After the roots have been thoroughly cleaned through scaling, the bone around the teeth is reshaped. Bone grafting may also be necessary to fill in large defects.
Next, the gums will be sutured into place. The site will also be covered with a bandage (periodontal pack) or dressing. Discomfort medicine and mouth rinses containing chlorhexidine are generally prescribed following the procedure.
Follow up visits will be necessary and you must fulfill a meticulous maintenance program.
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